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Mytilene (also know as Mytilini) which Lesvos capital is named after, according to Greek mythology was the daughter of Lesvos’s first king Makaros who was also the first to inhabit the island.
It is built amphitheatrically over seven hills, with the city’s castle and mark point standing out. Its foundation is thought to happen in the beginning of the 10th century BC, when the residents were about 27.247.
Apart from its medieval castle, Mytilene's jewel, also stand out its many architecture masterpieces shown on Christianity’s monuments, sightseeing, most important of which, are the Ancient Theater, the statue of Sappho, the Roman Aqueduct, the bronze statue of Liberty and its museums that house great exhibits like the unique in the world mosaics of Menadros ‘s house. (You can see them in the New Archaelogical Museum of Mytilene.)
Historically, Mytilene had been the most important of the six Lesvian cities, already existed in the 8th century BC, while “Statires”, Mytilene‘s currency had played a significant role since the middle of the 6th century BC. Through the centuries, managed to evolve into an important trade and cultural center.
Mytilene’s most important monument is the Ancient Theater, built near the peak of the hill Saint Kyriaki in the 3rd century BC, where the most important facts of the city’s social and political life were waged. That is exactly why the Ancient Theater is considered to be a significant part of Mytilene’s history.
Twelve kilometers outside the city, near the village Moria, there is the Roman Aqueduct, which is actually the most important project of the Roman era. It was built in the 2nd century BC and through it, water had been transported to Mytilene, covering a distance of about 30 kilometers.
Wandering Mytilene, you will discover its opposite beauty in which the marriage of classic to contemporary speaks out its diversity.
Starting from its historical tradition, the contemporary city of Mytilene attempting to help the touristic development through big reconstruction projects highlighting its historic monuments at the same time.
The paved Ermou street, in the center of the city, where you can find many shops, is the most crowded and full of life road. Subsequently, it is not to wonder why that is a meeting point of both locals and visitors. Prokymaia (the citys coastal road), with the magnificent neoclassical buildings and the many cafes, bars and restaurants, is also a hot spot. If you feel like going for swimming do not miss to visit the crystal clear water of “Apili” beach, right next to “Tsamakia” beach. On the road to the airport you will pass by “Makris Gialos” a district that is considered to be one of the city’s most picturesque. The neoclassical houses of incredible architecture will definitely catch your eye.
Every summer, the municipality of Lesvos, organizes a series of cultural events, the “Lesvian Summer”. In August ’s first week, the “Ouzo festival” takes place and local producers offers the people attending the festival free ouzo!
The form that the municipality of Mytilene has nowadays, has become from the union of the picturesque districts that have to offer a green environment of incomparable beauty.
In the small villages near Mytilene you can find hidden treasures only a breath away from the center.