Saint Markella

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Among the most important religious monuments of the Aegean Sea, Saint Markella of Chios occupies a special place and the icon of Saint Markella is one of the most revered and is said to be miraculous.

In the beautiful village of Volissos you will find the church of Saint Markella, located on the homonymous cove sticking shyly in an area full of sycamores, in a short distance from the place where the Saint was killed. The story of the martyrdom turns us to 1500 AD and this story captured in the minds of local residents. Saint Markella died from the hand of her own father, when he tried to attack her and rape her. Motherless, the modest and deeply religious Marcella, was forced to live with his authoritarian pagan-father, who began to express his immoral desires which she refused to do.

Afraid of her father, Saint Markella fled to nearby mountains and hid in a bush. Her father found her, with the help of a local herdsmen, and they set fire to the bush to force her to show. She ran to the sea to escape but her father aimed an arrow at her and wounded her. The blood of the Saint dyed the rocks.

Her final moments were spent in prayer to Christ with a request that the rocks would open for her to hide from her father and this happened. Everything but her head was covered so when her father found her, he cut off her head and threw it into the sea. The rock in which she was killed is said to spring holy water and many witnesses say at the day of the celebration of her memory, some rocks appear red spots and the water removes vapor.

The nameday of Saint Markella  is on July 22, it is celebrated every year with great pomp in the church swarmed with visitors from all over the country who rushing to venerate the icon. If you are lucky enough to be on this day in Volissos, you will see the church covers a huge number of candles that were lit in order to honor the memory of the Saint Markella of Chios. Visiting the church, you'll be able to live in the cells-hostels and to feel the divine aura and atmosphere that reigns here.




Korai Library Folk Museum and Argenti Art Gallery

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The Historic Central Public Library "Korais" of Chios is one of the largest and most valuable libraries in Greece. Located in the city was founded in 1792 under the guidance of the great representative of Greek enlightenment Adamantios Korais.


It suffered irreparable damage from the Turks in 1822 as well as from the devastating earthquake of 1881. The current neo-classical building was built with the help of Eforeias Orthodoxon Sxoleion of Chios in 1885.

The library contains thousands of books and book collections, rare books and historical manuscripts, newspapers of the 19th century, maps, photos and important relics. What is more, there are many books of the philologist Adamantios Korais and other notable Greek writers.


The same building houses the Folklore Museum and the Argenti Art Gallery. There are many kinds of folk art and a large collection of paintings of the Argenti family as well as of the Skylitsi family.



Number: +30 2271044246

Fax: +30 2271044246



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At Mountain Epos, near the settlement of Vrontados have recently been discovered ancient buildings of the 5th century. From the findings that were found in the region, it becomes obvious that the village was inhabited by farmers and pastoralists after the Classic until the Roman years.

Remains were also found in the areas of Gyrisma (“Spin”), Evriaki, Kambouri (“Hump”) and Astyfidolakkos. However, the most important findings are in Rimokastro and Astyfidolakko. These are wells, vases, figurines as well as ancient buildings. In Rimokastro has been preserved the base of a house which was built of large limestone. What is more, in Astyfidolakko are piles of stones known as “Soroi Grias” who helped to cultivate the land by people of that era.

For lovers of hiking, we would suggest to go the distance of 4 kilometers from Rimokastro until Astyfidolakko to admire the ancient buildings of the area.

Temple of Apollo at Fana

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Excavations made by K. Kourouniotis and the British School in the early 20th century, unearthed remnants of an ancient temple dedicated to Apollo in Kato Fana. It is an impressive temple of the 9th century BC who suffered severe damage in the Christian times, and on its place was built a basilica.

From exhibits that were found in the region, it becomes obvious that the sanctuary was a very important center of worship in antiquity. This can easily be noticed by the Egyptian scarabs that were discovered next to the altar.

Today, in the archaeological site you will find relics of the temple and the basilica. The small church of Agioi Theodoroi (“St. Theodore”) is built on the same site.

Archaeological Site of Emporios

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In 1952 was discovered an ancient settlement on the southernmost tip of the island, on the hill of Prophet Elias, by British School. It was created by the Ionians during the Geometric period (6th-7th century BC) and it was abandoned in 1100 BC because of fire.

The Acropolis of the town is surrounded by a wall of 800 meters and includes the Megaro [“Palace”] (home of the leader in a prominent position) and the temple of Athena which is built in the 6th century BC. Outside the fortified citadel you will find about 50 stone homes.

In the archaeological site have been discovered numerous findings (sculptures, pottery, clay figurines, tableware, decorative objects) which can be admired in the Archaeological Museum of Chios where they are illustrated.


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The monument of Daskalopetra is one of the most famous attractions of the island and belongs to the homonymous settlement of the area of Omiroupolis. It is a rock on which, according to tradition, Homer taught (that is the reason why the area has taken the name Daskalopetra, or else stone of Homer). Reliable sources inform us that Chios is the birthplace of the great ancient poet.

On the other hand, after studies that archaeologists made in the region indicate that the monument is a small temple built in the 6th century BC and is dedicated to the goddess Kyveli (“Cybele”) who was worshiped in ancient times on the island as the Megali Mitir (“Mother Goddess”).

Over the centuries, the monument has undergone a major disaster and its appearance has substantially been altered.

Castle of Oria (Castle of Kambia)

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The Castle of Oria, is situated on the north coast, near the village of Kambia and it is probable that it was built during the Byzantine period. According to tradition, it took this name from a beautiful queen who lived in the castle and fell off the walls as soon as she learned that it had fallen on the hands of the enemies. It is worthy to cross the wooded gorge and climb to the top of the cliff where the medieval fortress lies.

Castle of Gria

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On the northeast coast of the island, near the village Kardamyla lays the castle of Gria. According to tradition, the name was due to an old woman, which moved away from the village to the castle in order to be protected from the pirates.

The castle was a powerful fortress from ancient times until the 20th century. Especially during the campaign of 1912 it contributed significantly to the liberation of the island, because it remained impregnable in the difficult Turkish attacks.

Today, it consists of a wall of approximately 25 meters and two defensive towers. To get there, you should follow a mountain path of 1200 meters within nature.

Castle of Apolichnon

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On the south coast, near the village of Armolia, is the imposing castle of Apolichnon. It was built in 1440 during the Genoese occupation by Nikolao Mpanka Ioustiniani. What is more, it bears the symbol of authority of Justinian, which nowadays is kept at the school near the square of the village.

The castle has a double wall, many small towers, rooms and a well. It is also built in a place where they can oversee the watchtowers of the surrounding area and be notified in case of attack.

To get there, you need to drive an uphill path distance of approximately 1000 meters. Both the medieval castle as well as the path between the green olives and tall pines will reward you.


Castle of Volissos

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The castle of Volissos in the homonymous settlement of the municipality of Amani was built during the Byzantine period and is in very good condition today. It is consisted of 6 towers and inside you can find buildings, wells as well as small churches. It is considered one of the most important castles in the Aegean and in the past was enrolled in the program “Kastron Periplous”.


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