Greece Information

Greece is located in the southeastern tip of Europe and covers a total area of 131.957 square kilometers. Its capital city is the city of Athens, which counts a population of 4.340.634 inhabitants. The main port of the country is the port of Piraeus, another big city near Athens. Thessaloniki is the second largest city of Greece, which counts about 782.212 inhabitants.

In Greece there are thirteen administrative regions and an “Autonomous Monastic State”, which is located in Mount Athos. There, you can find twenty monasteries and about 1900 monks.  It is worth to be noted that women cannot access the peninsula of Mount Athos where the monks and the monasteries are.

East Macedonia and Thrace, Attica where the capital city of the country is, North Aegean (which is demonstrated through our portal), Western Greece, Western Macedonia, Epirus, Thessaly, Ionian Islands, Central Macedonia where Thessaloniki is located, Crete, South Aegean, Peloponnese and Central Greece, are the rest of the regions of this country.

According to the census of 2001, the population of Greece reaches the 10.964.020 inhabitants; 95% to 98% are Christian Orthodox, 1.3% are Muslim and the rest of the inhabitants believe in another religion.

 Officially the country bears the name of “Hellenic Democracy” and the language spoken is Greek. Constitute of the state is Parliamentary Republic of 300 Members. Since 1981, Greece is a member of the European Union and in 2001 entered the Economic and Monetary Union of Europe, whose main currency is Euro (€).

The National Anthem of the country is an excerpt of the poem “Hymn to Freedom”, written in 1823, by the great National poet of Greece, Dionysios Solomos. This became a setting in 1828 by Nikolaos Mantzaros and in 1865, the first two stanzas of the poem were established as the official National Anthem of Greece. Nation sentence of enormous emotional value for the Greeks, is “Freedom or Death”. This phrase made its first appearance during the Greek Revolution of 1821in the War of Liberation from the Ottoman Empire and is associated with the design of the Hellenic National Flag. More specifically, the nine stripes on the blue and white Hellenic flag, represent the nine syllables of the phrase “Freedom or Death”.

The electricity voltage of the country is 220 V AC (50 Hz). The time zone is GMT +2 hours. The code of phone calls from the U.S.A is +01130 and from the other countries +30.


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