Greek Civil War






The liberation of Greece was followed by the return of George Papandreou to power but also brought “Dekemvriana”; the crisis that broke out on December 3rd of 1944.  This concerned the issue of disarmament of the Greek rebel groups that were active all these years.       

Civil War:  The civil war of Greece broke out during the fragile and critical post-World War II period; from 1946-1949.  The armed conflict was between the Greek Republican Army, under the direction of the communist left, and the army of the Greek state. Until then, the political state of affairs in Greece, and the inability to reach a consensus government were the basis for the civil war.  The internal conflict, that pinned Greek against Greek, ended with the Republican Army turning in their weapons.  Nonetheless, the consequences were enormous for Greece, with massive devastation and losses sustained by both sides, and a mass exodus of political refugees.          

February 10th, 1947 – The Paris Peace Treaty: Under the agreements of this treaty, Greece’s borders were finalized yet again, to reflect what we see today, including the annexation of the Dodecanese islands (Italy).     

The period that followed saw the return of a crowned (royal) democracy, with Paul succeeding George II as king and with the political leadership changing hands amidst more infighting and disorganization.  More importantly during this time, women were finally granted the right to vote in elections, with their first opportunity coming in 1952.  Also, Greece formally became a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, or NATO, which was formed during the aftermath of the Second World War.    




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