• Found under the Sanctuary of Kaviria
• Here lived for 12 years Philoctetes
• He was healed of his ailments by the therapeutic properties of the Limnian earth
Hidden below the Kaviria temple are the Caves of Philoctetes, where he remained after his companions, the Achaeans, left for their campaign against Troy. He suffered a severe snake bite, and according to mythology, he was healed using the therapeutic Limnian earth. Philoctetes was the inspiration for 3 Greek tragic poets, including Sophocles.
• Here you will find the village of Thanos
• Church built into the rock
• A miraculous image
• Exclusive and exceptional sight
Panagia Kakaviotissa church, in the Vicinity of Myrina, is literally cut and built into the rock, perched on a hillside high above the village of Thanos. To reach this special spot, you must hike along a nature trail up into the rocky hillside. The location’s history began with a milestone centuries ago in 1305, when it became the property of the Great Lavra monastery. According to local legend, monks still live there to this day and that the Virgin Mary protects the site through miraculous acts. Enjoy the stunning views of the village and island countryside from this blessed church.
• Located after the village Propouli
• One-of-a-kind geological monument and volcanic formation
Faraklo is an important geological monument of exceptional, natural beauty, where the strange volcanic rock formations will astonish and inspire you. To reach this gem however, you will have to travel down an unpaved road for quite a distance, beginning in the village of Propouli.
• Vast, expansive areas of sand dunes creating an awe-inspiring landscape
• You’ll swear you just landed in the desert
• The most impressive of the sand dunes are called Gomati, in the village of Katalakko
The sand dunes, also known as “Pachies Ammoudies”, are by far the most attractive element of the island Limnos. These mirage-like dunes are what make this Northern Aegean islands stand out and give it its magical appeal to visitors and locals alike.
The sand dunes, also interpreted as sandy hills, were created by natural erosion caused by the prevailing winds blowing across the sea. This “sea of sand” is brought up alongside the Limnos coastline and creates this amazing phenomenon. The ever-changing terrain and landscape of the sand dunes are accompanied by the deep-blue colors of the Aegean Sea…making for an unforgettable sight!
One can find sand dunes at several different spots across the island, but the largest and most impressive lie along the northwestern coast, in an area called “Gomati”, spanning some 70 acres! Once you lay eyes on this wonder of Mother Nature, you will agree that the moniker afforded it “The Sahara of Europe” is well justified…you might get confused and think you are in the desert! With the exception of white lilies brought in from the island Hephaestus, the complete lack of vegetation and plant growth and the vast expanse of thick, rolling sand will leave you perplexed and astounded.
To reach the sand dunes, you will need to take the road leading out of the village Katalakkos. A pair of sneakers and the willingness and energy to explore Mother Nature at her best are a must to fully enjoy the sand dunes.
• Impressive view from atop the castle
• Built in the early 12th century A.D.
• The largest fortress in the Aegean, spanning some 144 acres
• Has a polygonal plan (frontline walls) due to the rugged terrain
• Today you will see a species of deer particular to Myrina and Limnos, that dwell in the castle and its surroundings
The castle sits atop a rocky peninsula, occupying the southwestern part of Myrina, and provides breathtaking views of the open Aegean Sea. To the east is the downtown area, the city’s picturesque harbor and the two beaches Romeiko and Tourkiko. To the north lies the hill of Ag. Athanasios and its chapel, and to the south you can faintly see the island of Ag. Efstratios. To the northwest, and only at dusk, you can see Athos. The castle of Myrina was built in the early 12th century A.D. by Andronikos Komnenos (Byzantine) over the ruins of the ancient Pelasgian walls. During the Venetian rule of the island, the castle underwent some repairs and was expanded (1207 and 1214) to its current size.
The castle of Myrina has a polygonal ground plan, as dictated by the rugged and uneven terrain. It covers an area of 144 acres, and its highest point reaches 120 meters from sea level. The massive walls were purposely built to sustain heavy bombardment from cannons and other firepower. It remained the sturdiest and most durable fortress on the island for quite a long time; its walls were 3 levels thick, it had 150 cannons, 14 towers and a deep moat. Key features of the castle were the 20 or so “katachystres” or small openings in the wall, used to empty the ramparts and other vulnerable spots around the castle. However, they were also used to pour scalding water, oil, molten lead or burning resin onto enemy besiegers trying to penetrate the walls.
Along the outside of the eastern fortification (facing the harbor), you’ll see “vrachografimata”, or engravings into the stone, mainly depicting boats. Up until 1982, across from the main gate, the crest of Gatelouso appeared, and a marble relief of a lion (which was the symbol of strength and power to the conquering Venetians) was uncovered, and now is on display in Myrina’s archeological museum.
The Ottomans, during their occupation of the island and Greece, used the fortress for defenses as well, especially during the Orlov Uprising of 1770. Inside they erected a mosque and a smaller fortification called “Dabia” on the hill “Tsa”. The mosque still stands to this very day. There are also remains of ancillary buildings (barracks, storage rooms, gunpowder kegs, headquarters) used by the masters during those times. Today, however, the guards of the castle are about 150 delightful deer….descendants of a mating pair from Rhodes in 1970….they will welcome you as you enter the castle gates!
• From the 4th to 3rd millennium B.C. Myrina developed into an urban powerhouse
• You’ll find the ancient settlement in Richa Nera
The first evidence of human existence in this area dates back to the Late Neolithic Period in the 4th millennium B.C. during the Early Bronze Age (3rd to 4th millennium B.C.). Myrina evolved into a sprawling, urban center, with its first settlers along the shallow waters of the harbor and shoreline. Over the years of 2,600-2,000 B.C. the population swelled to 3,500 residents and the city limits covered more than 80,000 acres. The archeological dig revealed that ancient Myrina had a specific, urban plan with complex masonry sewer pipe system and narrow, cobblestone streets between dwellings.
Tuesday – Sunday: 08:00 - 15:00
Phone: +30 22540 22257
• In honor of Kaviria, the children of legendary Hephaestus
• The mysterious initiation rites and rituals of Kaviria
• The oldest Telestirio Hall in all of Greece
The discovery of Kaviria came during archeological excavations from 1937-1939, and is one of the oldest shrines in the Aegean Sea. The site sits atop a hill along the northern coast of the island, in the municipality of Moudros, and is drenched by sun and sea. The temple was dedicated to the worship of Kaviria, who were the children of the god Hephaestus. It was constructed in the 8th century B.C. and consists of several Telestirio halls, where initiation rites called sacraments, were carried out.
According to legend, the Kaviria mysteries (these rituals) were associated with fertility and the rebirth of nature. They enrolled women who could not conceive, but after secret ceremonies that took place inside the sanctuary, they then could bear children.
Although the Telestirio was twice destroyed by raging fires, it was rebuilt again and again and remained a shrine until the Roman period. In fact, according to research and published studies, the Kaviria Telestirio is the oldest in Greece, and even inspired Aeschylus’ famous tragedy “Kaviria”.
Tuesday - Sunday: 08:00 - 15:00
Phone: +30 22543 50700
• The oldest urban center in Europe
• Most important prehistoric city on Limnos
• The oldest parliamentary body in the world
• Strategic, geographic location, adjacent to the coast of Asia Minor
Poliochni was established in the 4th millennium B.C., sits on the eastern shores of the island and was the focal point of life and commerce during prehistoric times. Its shores face the fabled city of Troy (in Asia Minor), which itself was settled one century later and is also considered one of Europe’s oldest cities. The city’s ruins were discovered in 1930 during an archeological dig by the Italian Archeological School. The city was built alongside a low hill, with a complex grid scheme and layout and included stone houses, wells, protective walls, roads, public buildings and even a governing body. This parliamentary council is considered to be the first of its kind in the Western World.
Its key, geographic location near Asia Minor is the main reason for its emergence and prominence as a busy, regional urban center. Myths, such as the Argonauts and the Trojan War, reveal the importance of the island, and in turn of Poliochni as a commercial port. The early inhabitants took advantage of the fertile soil and exchanged surplus crops for raw metals. The vast amount of gold and jewelry discovered during the excavations really demonstrates the wealth the inhabitants had, and are reminiscent of the so-called “Treasure of Priam” found inside a clay pot. To view and appreciate this rare collection of gold and jewelry, you will have to travel to Athens and visit the National Archeological Museum.
After a series of other excavations in the surrounding area, 5 other smaller settlements were discovered. Sadly, Poliochni and the other communities were destroyed in 1600 B.C. after a series of successive earthquakes, over a span of some 500 years.
Tuesday – Sunday: 08:00 - 15:00
Phone: +30 22540 91249
• Impressive and significant ancient city
• Was first discovered during the 19th century
• You can see the Greco-Roman amphitheater and the Sanctuary of Megalis Theas (Great Goddess)
• Natural disaster completely devastates harbor during 13th century A.D.
Hephaestia was the largest city on the island from 1,000 B.C. until 1200 A.D. It was built by the Pelasgians, but saw its better days during the Athenian, Roman and Byzantine periods. A series of excavations from 1926-1936 brought to light an entire ancient city, complete with houses, temples, public buildings, statues of local pan-hellenic gods, baths, and an amphitheater. The sanctuary of Megalis Theas (Great Goddess) which was used from the 8th-6th century B.C. still stands today, next to the theater. Hephaestia was abandoned in the 13th century A.D. due to a devastating natural disaster.
Everyday: 08:00 - 15:00
Phone: +30 22543 50700