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Archaelogical site of the Roman Baths

(0 oy)

Only one kilometer away from the settlement of Pythagorion, you will find the archaeological site of the Roman Baths. This is a very impressive public project, constructed by the Romans during the 2nd century AD.

There, you will have the opportunity to admire well preserved buildings that used to be cold and hot baths, as well as changing rooms, swimming pools and sauna. According to findings discovered in the region, qw conclude that the walls and floor installations were richly decorated with marble and mosaics.

It should be noted that the baths used to be a part of the sports facilities of the ancient capital town of Samos. In the very same area, was also a high school, an arena and a stadium of 50x 200 meters, which was one of the largest in Greece.

İREON (HEREON)

(0 oy)

İreon veya Hereon; Yunanistan’ın en önemli arkeolojik sitelerinden biridir. UNESCO tarafından dünya mirası koruma listesine alınmıştır. Aynı adı taşıyan ve bir kıyı yerleşimi olan İreon’da bulunmaktadır.  Pythagorion’a yakın bir mesafededir.


İreon’un en önemli arkeolojik eserleri arasında ünlü tanrıça Hera tapınağıdır. Antik tarihçi Herodotus’a göre; o dönemin en büyük tapınağı konumundaydı. İreon; imvrassia nehri yakınlarında ve yine efsaneye göre tanrıça Hera’nın doğduğu yerde kurulmuştur. Geometrik dönemden geç Roma dönemine kadar bir ibadet yeri olarak kullanıldı. Arkaik dönemde; kutsallığı gelişti ve bütün Yunanistan, Mısır ve küçük Asya boyunca güçlü etkisini gösterdi. Bölgede M.Ö. 8. ve 5.y.yılda sırasıyla inşa edilen dört adet tapınak bulunduğu da unutulmamalıdır.


Araştırmalar ve kazı çalışmaları Sisam adasına seyahat edenler tarafından 1702 yılında başladı (Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Paul Girard).  Daha sonraları ise önemli arkeologlar tarafında kazılar devam ettirildi (Kavvadia, Sofouli). Bugün itibarıyla;  Atina Alma Arkeolojik okulu arkeolojik araştırma ve kazı çalışmalarını başarılı bir şekilde sürdürmektedir.


Aşağıda yakından görme fırsatı bulacağınız önemli anıtlar sıralanmaktadır.


Hera Tapınağı


Hera tapınağı dört aşamalı inşaat aşamasında geçmiştir. İlk başlarda; bugünkü yerinde Hecatompedon A ve B küçük tapınakları inşa edilmişti (M.Ö. 8. ve 7y.y). Yapımlarında tuğla taş ve ahşap kullanılmıştı. Daha sonra ise mimar Rhoikos yapımını yeniden üstlendi (M.Ö. 570) ve dikkat çekici bir anıt inşa etti. Ancak bu anıt daha sonraları bilinmeyen bir nedenle tahrip oldu.  Bugünkü görüntüsünü; Polykrates zulmü sırasında tapınağı tekrar inşa eden Rhoikos’un oğlu Theodoros’a borçludur (M.Ö. 530).


Çift kanatlı bir iyon tapınağı olan Hera;  108,63X55,16 metrelik alan ölçümü ile Yunanistan’ın en büyüklerinden biridir. Tapınağı destekleyen 155 devasa sütundan sadece bir tanesi günümüze kadar ulaşmıştır ve yüksekliği de ilk günkü yüksekliğinin yarısı kadardır.


Büyük Altar (The Great Altar)


Altar; M.Ö. 560 yılında inşa edildi ve ilk kurulduğu yılda günümüze kadar aynı yerde bulunmaktadır. M.Ö 8. ve 7. Y.yılda daha basit bir formu vardı ve eski bina kalıntılarından inşa edilmişti. Daha sonraları ise bugünkü büyüklüğüne  ve ayrıntılı dekorasyonuna ulaştı. Roma döneminde Altar;  mermerden yeniden inşa edildi.


Kutsal Yol (The Sacred Road)


4.880 metrelik kutsal yol;  tapınak ile Sisam adasının eski başkentini birbirine bağlıyordu ve M.Ö 2. y.yılda inşa edilmişti. Bu yolun parçalarında bazıları hala çok iyi korunmuştur. Tapınağa gidiş gelişlerde adanın eski sakinlerine; sokaklardaki dikkat çekici anıtlar ve heykeller eşlik ediyordu. Bugün; kutsal yolun kuzey kemside var olan altı devasa mermer kouros’dan sadece bir tanesi kurtarılmıştır. Bunu yanında; Sisam Arkeolojik Müzesinin mücevherleri konumundaki ve heykeltıraş Geneleos tarafından yapılan heykel gurubu da günümüze kadar ulaşan eserler arasındadır.


Atinalı ünlü sanatçı Myron’un eserleri arsında yer alan Zeus, Athena ve Hercules bronz heykellerinin temellerinden  bir parçası da burada bulunmaktadır.

 

 

 

The Genoese Castle of Samos

(1 Oyla)

 

The Genoese Castle is located in the verdant location of Potami (River), only three kilometers away from the village Karlovasi. It is a small fort built by the Genoese, who had once occupied the island. Near the castle you will find the Byzantine church of Metamorphosis, which was built in the 11th century and is one of the oldest churches of Samos.

The Castle of Lycurgus

(1 Oyla)

The castle of Lycurgus stands imposing on the top of a hill near the village of Pythagorion. It was built in 1824, by the leader of the Greek Revolution in Samos, Kycurgus Logothetis, on the ruins of archaeological buildings and served as headquarters and stronghold of the Samians in their defense against the Ottomans.

The castle is made of stone and its length reaches 400 meters. Due to its location, visitors can gaze at the sea and the beautiful settlement of Pythagorion from above. Next to the castle, you will find the enchanting Cathedral temple of Metamorphosis, as well as the ruins of various ancient buildings that came to light after excavations in the area.

Finally, it should be noted that the interior of the castle is a museum.

 

Samos Wine Museum

(3 oy)

The Samos Wine Museum was founded in 2005 and is located in Malegari of Samos. Visitors will have the opportunity to learn about the history of wine, its production and the tools used during the procession of making the famous sweet Samian wine from grapes that thrive on the island.

Huge wooden barrels, pots, large tanks, winemaking equipment, utensils, bottles, prizes and old photographs, make up a remarkable exhibition that will introduce you the traditional art of winemaking.


Natural History Museum of Aegean- Samos Paleontological Museum of Mytilinii

(0 oy)

The Natural History Museum of the Aegean occupies a modern building in the village of Mytilinii, which is only 12 kilometers away from Vathi. It is divided into two departments; the Paleontological Museum and the Natural History Museum. At first, the Paleontological Museum was founded in 1965, which was moved to its current modern building created in 1955, under the auspices of the Foundation “Constantine and Maria Zimalis”.

 

The museum is divided into five exhibition areas:

Paleontology:

The department of Paleontology includes more than 600 fosselis and artifacts of animals that lived in Samos about nine million years ago. Most of them were discovered after excavations made under Professor John Melentis near Handrian location. Taking a tour in this section, you will have the opportunity to admire fossilized bones of hyenas, rhinos, small teeth of horses etc. Among the most impressive exhibits, are the skull and horns of rare animals, including Protoryx, Mikrotragos and Paleoryx.

 

Zoology:

The department of Zoology houses a collection of thirty species of animals, amphibians and reptiles, as well as 40 species of birds, existing not only throughout Greece, but all over the world.  There, you can see anything between mummified butterflies of Samos and kangaroos of Australia! The most important item in this section, is the famous “Kaplani”, a reptile from Asia Minor, who came to the island over half a century ago and was mummified by the residents of  that time.

 

Minerals and Rocks:

In the department of Minerals and Rocks, you will find over 300 species of precious metals and rocks with flashy colors and rare form.

 

Marine Life:

This section is consisted of 350 species of fish and shellfish from all around the world, as well as ships and boats used in the past years by the locals

 

Botanical:

This department includes about 3000 species of herbs that grow on the Greek islands.



Timetable:

Open from April till end of October
Monday to Saturday 09.00-14.00 and Sunday 10.00-14.00

From 1st of November till end of March is opening with appointment, only for groups of visitors.

Tel: +30 22730-52055, Fax: +30 22730-52094


Historical and Folklore Museum of Karlovasi

(1 Oyla)

The Historical and Folklore Museum of Karlovasi, which is located in the homonymous settlement of Karlovasi, was founded in 1994. The exhibits are representative sample of the casual lifestyle of the Samians who have lived in Karlovasi from the late 19th century to the middle 20th century. There, you will have the opportunity to experience the lifestyle and occupations of the peasant calss and affluent urban families.

It is worth a visit in order to admire the traditional looms, which women used to knit textiles, as well as costumes, and elaborate mirrors, tools used in agriculture, and some beautiful porcelain ornaments and exquisite dresses of the wealth women of that era.

 

Folklore Museum of Samos

(0 oy)

The Folklore museum of Samos is located in the village of Pythagorion. It was found in 1997, under the auspices of the Cultural Foundation of Samos “Nicholas Demetriou”. Visitors will have the opportunity to experience the lifestyle as well as the occupations of the Samians, years before the beginning of the Second World War. The exhibits are organized into modules and related to the remarkable work of the folklorist Nicholas Demetriou, who was born and worked on the island of Samos.

A tour in the museum will take you to an earlier era, when women used the loom and the spinning wheel to knit, and the men sailed in the field with the plow. It is worth a visit in order to see for yourself  inside a traditional Samian house with old utensils, wooden furniture and handmade textiles.

There, you will also have the opportunity to see some wonderful depictions of old professions, such as the one of shoemaker’s, barber’s, fisherman’s and beekeeper’s, and the tools they used at that time. Even, in specially equipped classrooms, the traditional way of producing bread and cheese is demonstrated.

The forecourt of the museum has been modified to resemble a small village. There, among the narrow cobbled streets, you will discover old stoves where women used to bake bread, wells and laundry rooms. Finally, in the yard of the museum, you will meet some of the traditional professions of that time, many of which have eliminated the last years (cooper, blacksmith, potter, and carpenter).


Archaeological Collection of Pythagorion

(1 Oyla)

The Archaeological Collection of Pythagorion, is located in the basement of the City Hall in the village of Pythagorion and there you can see some of the most significant findings of the ancient capital town of Samos. The collection includes remarkable ancient statues, tombstones, and portraits of Roman emperors, sarcophagus, as well as ceramics of the 9th to the 2th century BC.

The most important of the exhibits, is the marble recumbent statue of Aeacus, dedicated to goddess Hera by the father of Polycrates (540 BC) and the large marble sarcophagus with the rich tactile representations carved on it (6th century BC). It is also worth to mention the limestone findings and the marble stone of the 5th century BC, found in the cemetery of the ancient capital of Samos and the settlement of Chora, the giant statue of the Roman emperor Trajan and the portraits of the emperors Augustus and Claudius.

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